Component Com*po"nent (k[o^]m*p[=o]"nent), a. [L. componens, p. pr. of componere. See Compound, v. t.] Serving, or helping, to form; composing; constituting; constituent. The component parts of natural bodies. --Sir I. Newton., Component Com*po"nent, n. A constituent part; an ingredient. Component of force (Mech.), a force which, acting conjointly with one or more forces, produces the effect of a single force or resultant; one of a number of forces into which a single force may be resolved.